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Similarities and differences in categorization behavior by Brazilian Portuguese and American English native speakers

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dc.creator MACÊDO Ana Cristina Pelosi Silva de
dc.date 1998
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-30T11:41:33Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-30T11:41:33Z
dc.date.issued 2013-05-30
dc.identifier http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-44501998000200009
dc.identifier http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=openurl&genre=article&issn=01024450&date=1998&volume=14&issue=2&spage=467
dc.identifier.uri http://koha.mediu.edu.my:8181/jspui/handle/123456789/4758
dc.description The present paper presents a brief account of the nature and formation of categories. It also reports on some of the findings obtained by investigating the way native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese and American English organize their semantic categories. Eleven semantic categories taken from the Battig and Montague (1969) category response norms were used in the study. The way the Brazilians and the Americans behave, in ranking the various category members is statistically analyzed by assessing levels of agreement within and between groups. The results of the analysis indicate that, although, there exists some correspondence in the way the two groups behave in ranking and in describing functions and attributes associated with category members, culturally specific constraints also exist and these will influence ranking decisions. Additionally, subjects? performance suggests that categorization behaviors appear to be motivated by two broad approaches to category structure: a prototypical approach based on feature overlap and a schema-directed approach based on instantiations prompted by the individual?s world knowledge.
dc.publisher Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP
dc.source DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada
dc.subject Categories
dc.subject Categorisation
dc.subject Exemplar
dc.subject Prototype
dc.subject Semantics
dc.title Similarities and differences in categorization behavior by Brazilian Portuguese and American English native speakers

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