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Is Strong Reciprocity a Maladaptation? On the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism

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dc.creator Fehr, Ernst
dc.creator Henrich, Joseph
dc.date 2003
dc.date.accessioned 2013-10-16T07:11:16Z
dc.date.available 2013-10-16T07:11:16Z
dc.date.issued 2013-10-16
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20588
dc.identifier ppn:360597408
dc.identifier.uri http://koha.mediu.edu.my:8181/xmlui/handle/10419/20588
dc.description In recent years a large number of experimental studies have documented the existence of strong reciprocity among humans. Strong reciprocity means that people willingly repay gifts and punish the violation of cooperation and fairness norms even in anonymous one-shot encounters with genetically unrelated strangers. We provide ethnographic and experimental evidence suggesting that ultimate theories of kin selection, reciprocal altruism, costly signalling and indirect reciprocity do not provide satisfactory evolutionary explanations of strong reciprocity. The problem of these theories is that they can rationalize strong reciprocity only if it is viewed as maladaptive behavior whereas the evidence suggests that it is an adaptive trait. Thus, we conclude that alternative evolutionary approaches are needed to provide ultimate accounts of strong reciprocity.
dc.language eng
dc.relation IZA Discussion paper series 712
dc.rights http://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen
dc.subject A13
dc.subject C92
dc.subject C70
dc.subject C91
dc.subject ddc:330
dc.subject reciprocity
dc.subject maladaptation
dc.subject evolutionary foundations
dc.subject human altruism
dc.subject Altruismus
dc.subject Bioökonomik
dc.subject Verhaltensökonomik
dc.subject Spieltheorie
dc.subject Gerechtigkeit
dc.subject Theorie
dc.title Is Strong Reciprocity a Maladaptation? On the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism
dc.type doc-type:workingPaper

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