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Does the Glass Ceiling Exist? A Cross-National Perspective on

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dc.creator Gang, Ira N.
dc.creator Landon-Lane, John S.
dc.creator Yun, Myeong-Su
dc.date 2003
dc.date.accessioned 2013-10-16T07:11:15Z
dc.date.available 2013-10-16T07:11:15Z
dc.date.issued 2013-10-16
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20584
dc.identifier ppn:360596827
dc.identifier.uri http://koha.mediu.edu.my:8181/xmlui/handle/10419/20584
dc.description We compare male and female upward labor income mobility in Germany and the United States using the GSOEP-PSID Cross National Equivalent File. Our main interest is to test whether a glass ceiling exists for women. The standard glass ceiling hypothesis highlights the belief that the playing field is level for women and men in the labor market up to a point, after which there is an effective limit on advancement for women. We examine the glass ceiling hypothesis by looking at the dynamics of the income distribution -- the movement of women and men through the distribution of income over time. We find that there is considerable evidence in favor of a glass ceiling both in Germany and the United States. In Germany the glass ceiling is evident in higher incomes while in the United States the glass ceiling is evident at all incomes levels.
dc.language eng
dc.relation IZA Discussion paper series 713
dc.rights http://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen
dc.subject J7
dc.subject D3
dc.subject D63
dc.subject ddc:330
dc.subject glass ceiling
dc.subject mobility
dc.subject Markov chain
dc.subject income distribution dynamics
dc.subject gender
dc.subject Frauenarbeitslohn
dc.subject Erwerbsverlauf
dc.subject Lohndifferenzierung
dc.subject Soziale Mobilität
dc.subject Geschlecht
dc.subject Schätzung
dc.subject Vereinigte Staaten
dc.subject Deutschland
dc.title Does the Glass Ceiling Exist? A Cross-National Perspective on
dc.type doc-type:workingPaper

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