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Poverty Persistence in Sweden

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dc.creator Hansen, Jörgen
dc.creator Wahlberg, Roger
dc.date 2004
dc.date.accessioned 2013-10-16T07:10:41Z
dc.date.available 2013-10-16T07:10:41Z
dc.date.issued 2013-10-16
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20462
dc.identifier ppn:392265648
dc.identifier.uri http://koha.mediu.edu.my:8181/xmlui/handle/10419/20462
dc.description This paper analyzes the persistence of poverty in Sweden using a hazard rate model based on multiple spells. The model also accounts for unobserved heterogeneity and possibly endogenous initial conditions. We estimate the model on a large representative Swedish panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1991 to 2001. The data contains precise information on household disposable income obtained from individual tax files. Poverty is defined using information on annual minimum needs standards determined by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. The data indicates that poverty rates are highest for immigrants, especially refugee immigrants, and for households with children. Further, poverty rates declined, both for natives and for immigrants, between 1991 and 2001, partly as a result of improved labor market conditions. The empirical results suggest that there is significant negative duration dependence in both exit and entry hazard rates. Moreover, the transition rates are significantly affected by immigrant status, educational attainment, labor market conditions, age, and family status. Accounting for multiple spells shows that for two-parent families with two children who are represented by a male person, 44 percent of native households that falls into poverty at any given point in time remain poor in five or more out of the next ten years. For refugee and non-refugee households, the figures are 62 percent and 50 percent, respectively.
dc.language eng
dc.relation IZA Discussion paper series 1209
dc.rights http://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen
dc.subject C41
dc.subject C23
dc.subject J61
dc.subject J15
dc.subject I32
dc.subject D31
dc.subject ddc:330
dc.subject poverty persistence
dc.subject duration dependence
dc.subject multiple spells
dc.subject unobserved heterogeneity
dc.subject Armut
dc.subject Dauer
dc.subject Schätzung
dc.subject Schweden
dc.title Poverty Persistence in Sweden
dc.type doc-type:workingPaper

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