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Rgf1p Is a Specific Rho1-GEF That Coordinates Cell Polarization with Cell Wall Biogenesis in Fission Yeast

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dc.creator García Rodríguez, Patricia
dc.creator Tajadura, Virginia
dc.creator García, Ignacio
dc.creator Sánchez Martín, Yolanda
dc.date 2008-06-18T10:05:26Z
dc.date 2008-06-18T10:05:26Z
dc.date 2006-04
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-31T01:43:18Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-31T01:43:18Z
dc.identifier Mol Biol Cell. 2006 April; 17(4): 1620–1631
dc.identifier 1059-1524
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/10261/5163
dc.identifier 10.1091/mbc.E05-10-0933
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.mediu.edu.my:8181/xmlui/handle/10261/5163
dc.description Copyright © by American Society for Cell Biology.-- Final full-text version of the paper available at: http://www.molbiolcell.org/content/vol17/issue4/
dc.description Rho1p regulates cell integrity by controlling the actin cytoskeleton and cell wall synthesis. We have identified a new GEF, designated Rgf1p, which specifically regulates Rho1p during polarized growth. The phenotype of rgf1 null cells was very similar to that seen after depletion of Rho1p, 30% of cells being lysed. In addition, rgf1+ deletion caused hypersensitivity to the antifungal drug Caspofungin and defects in the establishment of bipolar growth. rho1+, but none of the other GTPases of the Rho-family, suppressed the rgf1Δ phenotypes. Moreover, deletion of rgf1+ suppressed the severe growth defect in rga1+ null mutants (a Rho1-GAP, negative regulator). Rgf1p and Rho1p coimmunoprecipitated and overexpression of rgf1+ specifically increased the GTP-bound Rho1p; it caused changes in cell morphology, and a large increase in β(1,3)-glucan synthase activity. These effects were similar to those elicited when the hyperactive rho1-G15V allele was expressed. A genetic relationship was observed between Rgf1p, Bgs4p (β[1,3]-glucan synthase), and Pck1p (protein kinase C [PKC] homologue); Bgs4p and Pck1p suppressed the hypersensitivity to Caspofungin in rgf1Δ mutants. Rgf1p localized to the growing ends and the septum, where Rho1, Pck1p, and Bgs4p are known to function. Our results suggest that Rgf1p probably activates the Rho functions necessary for coordinating actin deposition with cell wall biosynthesis during bipolar growth, allowing the cells to remodel their wall without risk of rupture.
dc.description P.G. and I G. were supported by a fellowship from the Junta de Castilla y León and V. Tajadura acknowledges support from a fellowship granted by the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Spain. Text was revised by N. Skinner. This work was supported by Grant BIO2001–1663 from the Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain and CSI02C05 from the Junta de Castilla y León.
dc.description Peer reviewed
dc.format 22195 bytes
dc.format application/pdf
dc.language eng
dc.publisher American Society for Cell Biology
dc.rights openAccess
dc.title Rgf1p Is a Specific Rho1-GEF That Coordinates Cell Polarization with Cell Wall Biogenesis in Fission Yeast
dc.type Artículo

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