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Rift Valley fever outbreak--Kenya, November 2006-January 2007.

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dc.contributor Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
dc.date 2007-02-02
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-31T07:09:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-31T07:09:45Z
dc.identifier Rift Valley fever outbreak--Kenya, November 2006-January 2007. 2007, 56 (4):73-6 MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.
dc.identifier 1545-861X
dc.identifier 17268404
dc.identifier http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18244
dc.identifier http://fieldresearch.msf.org/msf/handle/10144/18244
dc.identifier MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.mediu.edu.my:8181/xmlui/handle/10144/18244
dc.description In mid-December 2006, several unexplained fatalities associated with fever and generalized bleeding were reported to the Kenya Ministry of Health (KMOH) from Garissa District in North Eastern Province (NEP). By December 20, a total of 11 deaths had been reported. Of serum samples collected from the first 19 patients, Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus RNA or immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against RVF virus were found in samples from 10 patients; all serum specimens were negative for yellow fever, Ebola, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and dengue viruses. The outbreak was confirmed by isolation of RVF virus from six of the specimens. Humans can be infected with RVF virus from bites of mosquitoes or other arthropod vectors that have fed on animals infected with RVF virus, or through contact with viremic animals, particularly livestock. Reports of livestock deaths and unexplained animal abortions in NEP provided further evidence of an RVF outbreak. On December 20, an investigation was launched by KMOH, the Kenya Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP), the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), the Walter Reed Project of the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, CDC-Kenya's Global Disease Detection Center, and other partners, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). This report describes the findings from that initial investigation and the control measures taken in response to the RVF outbreak, which spread to multiple additional provinces and districts, resulting in 404 cases with 118 deaths as of January 25, 2007.
dc.language en
dc.rights Archived with thanks to MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
dc.title Rift Valley fever outbreak--Kenya, November 2006-January 2007.

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